HC – Anchor

Wires or mechanical anchors can be designed for use suspended from the hollowcore plank to support suspended ceilings, electrical conduits, plumbing or mechanical equipment.   Coring of the hollowcore planks if required should occur in the middle 1/3″ of void.  Void locations and quantity differ depending on the hollowcore depth cross section.

HC – Hanger

Hollowcore planks are extruded at typical 4′-0″ wide planks.  When larger blockouts in the floor framing are placed within the span, hollowcore hangers will be used to eliminate full sections of hollowcore.  The hollowcore hanger assembly is designed specifically per the project requirements and installed on the end of the hollowcore at the plant after the plank is extruded.  The hanger allow for bearing on the adjacent planks, which may require a certain portion of the hollowcore void to be filled solid at the bearing location.  Hangers can have bearing on both the adjacent plank or CIP walls if needed.

HC – Ledger

Often either precast or CIP walls that support hollowcore extend up past the hollowcore bearing elevation.  In this scenario, hollowcore ledgers are used to support planks.   Embeds are installed in supporting walls during fabrication that allow tolerance for specific ledger elevation installation. Ledgers are installed onsite and some shimming can be expected to fill any gaps between embeds and ledger.  Bearing pads are placed on ledger and hollowcore is erected.  Once topping slab is poured, blockouts in the end of hollowcore voids allow for topping concrete to fill voids up to a specific distance.  Void dams pushed into voids onsite allow for voids to be only filled at hollowcore ends.

HC – Shear Key

Hollowcore shear keys need to be grouted after planks are erected into final position.  This is completed prior to the 2.5″-3″ topping pour.  The grout mix should consist of a 1:3 cement/sand ratio or a pre-packaged grout that will yield a minimum compressive strength of 3,000 psi.  Backer rods are recommended to be installed at the lowest point of the shear key so grout does not leak through any gaps.

HC – T.O Wall

It is common for hollowcore to have bearing directly on top of either precast or CIP walls.  Top of wall elevations are coordinated and bearing surface should be level and smooth.  Reinforcing that is embedded in supporting wall should be installed vertical and then field bent over after hollowcore is erected.  Once topping slab is poured, blockouts in the end of hollowcore voids allow for topping concrete to fill voids up to a specific distance.  Void dams pushed into voids onsite allow for voids to be only filled at hollowcore ends.

NMB – Wall Panel

NMB splice sleeves can be used in a variety of precast products that require a type 2 coupler. Rebar is constructed protruding from foundation and then cut to a specific distance above the foundation as required by size of NMB splice sleeve.  Female slice sleeve is embedded in precast and placed over protruding foundation rebar.  Once connection is complete at desired elevation, high strength mortar (that is provided solely by NMB manufacturer) is ejected into the sleeve via grouting tubes to complete connection.

Column – Column

Column to column connections are typically used on taller structures where multiple columns lengths are required to frame structure or situations where hoisting weight is restricted and shorter columns are spliced together.  NMB splice sleeves are a common type 2 coupler used for column connections.  Rebar is constructed protruding from top of lower column and then cut to a specific distance above the foundation as required by size of NMB splice sleeve.  Female slice sleeve is embedded in precast and placed over protruding foundation rebar.  Once connection is complete at desired elevation, high strength mortar (that is provided solely by NMB manufacturer) is ejected into the sleeve via grouting tubes to complete connection.

Precast Inverted Tee beams frame into columns and have bearing on column corbels.  Steel angle is mounted across the inverted tee ledge where they intersect with columns to allow precast Double Tee, Hollowcore or Solid Slabs to have bearing area at column.

Wall Panel – DT

Pocket assemblies designed to hide connections can be used between Double Tee and Wall Panel assemblies.  Double Tee stem spacing = 6′-0″ and Maximum Double Tee width = 12′-0″.  Supporting wall panel layout is key and often is similar to Double Tee flange width to allow stems (and concentrated loads) to be centered in panel.

Column – Beam

Precast beams can have bearing on top of columns when required.  Splice couplers that extend a dowel up past top of column are typically used.  Inverted Tee beams that bear directly on column have corrugated grout tubes embedded to allow extended dowel to overlap.  Grout tubes are filled once beam (resting on bearing pads) is at correct elevation.

NMB – Column

NMB splice sleeves can be used in a variety of precast products that require a type 2 coupler. Rebar is constructed protruding from foundation and then cut to a specific distance above the foundation as required by size of NMB splice sleeve.  Female slice sleeve is embedded in precast and placed over protruding foundation rebar.  Once connection is complete at desired elevation, high strength mortar (that is provided solely by NMB manufacturer) is ejected into the sleeve via grouting tubes to complete connection.

Spandrel-DT

Loading bearing spandrels have blockouts that match the stem spacing of the double tee framing.  Spandrels can be designed to resist the vehicle impact loads or blockouts in the complete double tee, column and spandrel assembly can be added to allow impact resistant cables to be installed extending through the precast columns.

Shear Wall

Precast shear walls can be designed as completely solid or have blockouts to allow more interior light.  On parking structures shear walls are typically located along the ramping sections and can be designed for product bearing on both sides of the shear wall.  Common spacing is on 12′-0″ centers to match double tee widths.  There are multiple options for the corbels that support product that frames into the precast shear walls.  Corbels can be cast into the shear wall or installed onsite to allow product to be erected on lower floors without having to manage the corbel obstacle.

 

HC – Anchor

Wires or mechanical anchors can be designed for use suspended from the hollowcore plank to support suspended ceilings, electrical conduits, plumbing or mechanical equipment.   Coring of the hollowcore planks if required should occur in the middle 1/3″ of void.  Void locations and quantity differ depending on the hollowcore depth cross section.

HC – Hanger

Hollowcore planks are extruded at typical 4′-0″ wide planks.  When larger blockouts in the floor framing are placed within the span, hollowcore hangers will be used to eliminate full sections of hollowcore.  The hollowcore hanger assembly is designed specifically per the project requirements and installed on the end of the hollowcore at the plant after the plank is extruded.  The hanger allow for bearing on the adjacent planks, which may require a certain portion of the hollowcore void to be filled solid at the bearing location.  Hangers can have bearing on both the adjacent plank or CIP walls if needed.

HC – Ledger

Often either precast or CIP walls that support hollowcore extend up past the hollowcore bearing elevation.  In this scenario, hollowcore ledgers are used to support planks.   Embeds are installed in supporting walls during fabrication that allow tolerance for specific ledger elevation installation. Ledgers are installed onsite and some shimming can be expected to fill any gaps between embeds and ledger.  Bearing pads are placed on ledger and hollowcore is erected.  Once topping slab is poured, blockouts in the end of hollowcore voids allow for topping concrete to fill voids up to a specific distance.  Void dams pushed into voids onsite allow for voids to be only filled at hollowcore ends.

HC – Shear Key

Hollowcore shear keys need to be grouted after planks are erected into final position.  This is completed prior to the 2.5″-3″ topping pour.  The grout mix should consist of a 1:3 cement/sand ratio or a pre-packaged grout that will yield a minimum compressive strength of 3,000 psi.  Backer rods are recommended to be installed at the lowest point of the shear key so grout does not leak through any gaps.

HC – T.O Wall

It is common for hollowcore to have bearing directly on top of either precast or CIP walls.  Top of wall elevations are coordinated and bearing surface should be level and smooth.  Reinforcing that is embedded in supporting wall should be installed vertical and then field bent over after hollowcore is erected.  Once topping slab is poured, blockouts in the end of hollowcore voids allow for topping concrete to fill voids up to a specific distance.  Void dams pushed into voids onsite allow for voids to be only filled at hollowcore ends.

NMB – Wall Panel

NMB splice sleeves can be used in a variety of precast products that require a type 2 coupler. Rebar is constructed protruding from foundation and then cut to a specific distance above the foundation as required by size of NMB splice sleeve.  Female slice sleeve is embedded in precast and placed over protruding foundation rebar.  Once connection is complete at desired elevation, high strength mortar (that is provided solely by NMB manufacturer) is ejected into the sleeve via grouting tubes to complete connection.

Column – Column

Column to column connections are typically used on taller structures where multiple columns lengths are required to frame structure or situations where hoisting weight is restricted and shorter columns are spliced together.  NMB splice sleeves are a common type 2 coupler used for column connections.  Rebar is constructed protruding from top of lower column and then cut to a specific distance above the foundation as required by size of NMB splice sleeve.  Female slice sleeve is embedded in precast and placed over protruding foundation rebar.  Once connection is complete at desired elevation, high strength mortar (that is provided solely by NMB manufacturer) is ejected into the sleeve via grouting tubes to complete connection.

Precast Inverted Tee beams frame into columns and have bearing on column corbels.  Steel angle is mounted across the inverted tee ledge where they intersect with columns to allow precast Double Tee, Hollowcore or Solid Slabs to have bearing area at column.

Wall Panel – DT

Pocket assemblies designed to hide connections can be used between Double Tee and Wall Panel assemblies.  Double Tee stem spacing = 6′-0″ and Maximum Double Tee width = 12′-0″.  Supporting wall panel layout is key and often is similar to Double Tee flange width to allow stems (and concentrated loads) to be centered in panel.

Column – Beam

Precast beams can have bearing on top of columns when required.  Splice couplers that extend a dowel up past top of column are typically used.  Inverted Tee beams that bear directly on column have corrugated grout tubes embedded to allow extended dowel to overlap.  Grout tubes are filled once beam (resting on bearing pads) is at correct elevation.

NMB – Column

NMB splice sleeves can be used in a variety of precast products that require a type 2 coupler. Rebar is constructed protruding from foundation and then cut to a specific distance above the foundation as required by size of NMB splice sleeve.  Female slice sleeve is embedded in precast and placed over protruding foundation rebar.  Once connection is complete at desired elevation, high strength mortar (that is provided solely by NMB manufacturer) is ejected into the sleeve via grouting tubes to complete connection.

Spandrel-DT

Loading bearing spandrels have blockouts that match the stem spacing of the double tee framing.  Spandrels can be designed to resist the vehicle impact loads or blockouts in the complete double tee, column and spandrel assembly can be added to allow impact resistant cables to be installed extending through the precast columns.

Shear Wall

Precast shear walls can be designed as completely solid or have blockouts to allow more interior light.  On parking structures shear walls are typically located along the ramping sections and can be designed for product bearing on both sides of the shear wall.  Common spacing is on 12′-0″ centers to match double tee widths.  There are multiple options for the corbels that support product that frames into the precast shear walls.  Corbels can be cast into the shear wall or installed onsite to allow product to be erected on lower floors without having to manage the corbel obstacle.

 

Parking Structure Design

 

Length of Span

Precast double tee span of 60′-70′ allows for fewer columns/obstructions to line of sight than CIP parking structures.

Speed of Construction

Hybrid or complete precast-designed structures reduce onsite construction and expedite overall schedules by 20~30%.

Fire Resistance
Precast and prestressed concrete’s unique fire resistance protects both life and property while reducing insurance rates.

Low Noise Transmission + Energy Conservation
Precast and prestressed concrete components are dense materials that provide excellent sound attenuation and energy savings. Precast construction allows minimal air infiltration. The thermal mass delays internal temperature changes and reduces peak heating and cooling loads, and sculptured shapes facilitate shading for window areas. In addition, insulation can be cast–in during manufacturing, which increases the U–factor.

Durability
Precast and prestressed concrete is exceptionally resistant to impact, corrosion, weathering, abrasion, and vandalism, making it virtually maintenance-free.

3D Viewer

3D Viewer Tools and Functions:

  • 3D Viewer Functions:
  • Move, span, zoom assemblies
  • Isolate single components in view
  • Explode assembly single components
  • Use markup to sketch details
  • General measurements for concept
  • Print views

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